“Systemic anti-Black racism in Canada must be remedied: Urgent changes needed to help Black Canadians thrive” August 21, 2020. The Canadian Race Relations Foundation is Canada’s leading organization dedicated to the elimination of racism and the promotion of harmonious race relations.
“Anti-Black Racism in Canada: time to face the truth” Statement from Canadian Human Rights Commissioner, June 2, 2020. It is time for all Canadians to acknowledge that anti-Black racism is pervasive in Canada. In fact, the belief that there is little to no racism in Canada is in itself a barrier to addressing it.
Long History of Racial Discrimination in British Columbia and Canada
One of the first actions to fight racial discrimination for Blacks in B.C. resulted in the formation of the Victoria Pioneer Rifle Corps in 1859. When Victoria decided it needed a fire brigade, several Black men volunteered but were rejected. The Black community reacted by approaching Governor James Douglas to volunteer as an all-black military corps. With ongoing friction over the Canada-U.S. Border, Douglas accepted their offer. The Corps was made up of 40 to 50 Black men, but prejudicial and discriminatory actions continued, directed at the Corps itself.
Some 75 years before that, in July 1784 “the first race riot in North America” occurred in Shelburne, Nova Scotia. A mob of white Loyalist settlers stormed the home of a Black preacher in Shelburne, Nova Scotia, armed with hooks and chains seized from ships in the harbour. The confrontation ignited a wave of violence in Shelburne County that lasted approximately 10 days. The majority of the attacks targeted the county’s free Black population. Read more
Why We March
On Wednesday August 28, 1963 more than 250,000 demonstrators participated in the “March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom.” Not only was it the largest demonstration for human rights, but it was also a show of unity.
The purpose of the march was to advocate for civil and economic rights. It was at this march that Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. standing in front of the Lincoln Memorial, delivered his historic “I Have a Dream” speech in which he called for an end to racism.
From this March to the Black Lives Matter movement …This video illustrates that marching is a sign of solidarity, reflecting communities whose voices come together to demand justice, recognition, equality …. 58 years and counting ….
From minutes to movements
“Whatever affects one directly, affects all indirectly. I can never be what I ought to be until you are what you ought to be.” Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Commencement Address at Oberlin College, June 1965
Resilience BC Anti-Racism Network “The Resilience BC Anti-Racism Network will offer a multi-faceted, province wide approach with greater focus and leadership in identifying and challenging racism.”
Building a Foundation for Change: Canada’s Anti-Racism Strategy 2019–2022 “Diversity and inclusion are cornerstones of Canadian identity, a source of social and economic strength … we know that there are still very real challenges. Building a Foundation for Change requires us to first acknowledge that there is a problem…”
International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination adopted on October 26,1966 and is observed annually on March 21, the day the police in Sharpeville, South Africa opened fire and killed 69 people at a peaceful demonstration against apartheid “pass laws” in 1960. Read more
Credits and Reference Material
.Silence in Compliance/Black Lives Matter signage, Simone Fischer, Unsplash
.View from the Lincoln Memorial toward the Washington Monument Credit: United States Marine Corps, Public Domain
.Anti-Black Racism multiple-choice question, BC Black History Awareness Society